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Data on Agriculture  (Reviewed, 4th Nov 2001) Tell your friends about this page! Email it to them.

 

AREA OF NIGERIA BY STATES

 
         
State Hectares Square Km Acres Sq. Miles
ABIA 632000 6320 1561672 1440
ADAMAWA 3691700 36917 9122191 14254
AKWA IBOM 708100 7081 1749715 2734
ANAMBRA 484396 484396 1196952 1870
BAUCHI 6460500 64605 15963896 24944
BENUE 3475900 34059 1485979 13150
BORNO 7089800 70898 17518896 27374
CROSS RIVER 2015600 20156 4980548 7782
DELTA 1769800 17698 4373176 6833
EDO 1780200 17802 4398874 6873
ENUGU 1283100 12831 3170540 4954
IMO 553300 5533 1366463 2135
JIGAWA 2315400 23154 5721600 8940
KADUNA 4605300 46053 11379696 17781
KANO 2013100 20131 4974370 7773
KATSINA 2419200 24192 5977843 9341
KEBBI 3680000 36800 9093280 14208
KOGI 2983300 29833 7371734 11519
KWARA 3682500 36825 9099458 14218
LAGOS 334500 3345 826550 1292
NIGER 7636300 76363 18869297 29484
OGUN 1676200 16762 4141890 6472
ONDO 2095900 20959 5178969 8092
OSUN 925100 9251 2285922 3572
OYO 2845400 28454 7030983 10986
PLATEAU 5803000 58030 14339213 22405
RIVERS 2185000 21850 5399135 8436
SOKOTO 6573500 65735 16243119 25380
TARABA 5447300 54473 13460278 21032
YOBE 4550200 45502 11243544 17568
F.C.T. 731500 7315 1807537 2824
TOTAL 92377096 923771 228263320 356666
         
Source – Federal Ministry of Agriculture    

Nigeria's Land Use (in Hectares)

YEARS (T.A) (L.A) (A.L.A) (A.L) (P.C) (P.P) (F.W) (O.L)
1981 0 91077 84985 27850 2535 40000 14600

6092

1982 92377 91077 84880 28013 2535 40000 14332 6197
1983 92377 91077 84775 28175 2535 40000 14065 6302
1984 92377 91077 84670 28338 2535 40000 13797 6407
1985 92377 91077 84565 28500 2535 40000 13530 6512
1986 92377 91077 84460 28825 2535 40000 13100 6617
1987 92377 91077 84356 28947 2535 40000 12874 6721
1988 92377 91077 84358 29177 2535 40000 12646 6719
1989 92377 91077 84308 29353 2535 40000 12420 6769
1990 92377 91077 84267 29539 2535 40000 12193 6810
1991 92377 91077 83935 29800 2535 40000 11600 7142
1992 92377 91077 83830 29922 2535 40000 11373 7247
1993 92377 91077 83725 30044 2535 40000 11146 7352
1994 92377 91077 83590 30165 2535 40000 10890 7487
1995 92377 91077 83500 30371 2538 39921 10670 7577
1996 92377 79400 71900 28700 2538 28800 10900 7599
                 
T.A – TOTAL AREA
L.A – LAND AREA              
A.L.A – AGRICULTURAL LAND AREA
A.L – ARABLE LAND            
P.C – PERMANENT CROPS
P.P – PERMANENT PASTURES          
F.W – FOREST & WOODLAND
O.L – OTHER LANDS            
Source – Federal Ministry of Agriculture          
           

Production of Nigeria's Principal Crops ('000 Metric Tonnes)

CROPS 1996 1997 1998
WHEAT 41 66 98*
RICE (PADDY) 3,122 3,268 3,268!
MAIZE 5,667 5,354 5,858*
MILLET 5,681 5,902 5,926*
SURGHUM 7,084 7,297 7,516*
POTATOES 99 103 103!
SWEET POTATOES 40 40 40
CASSAVA 31,418 30,409 30,409!
YAMS 23,201 19566 19566!
TARO (COCO YAM) 2,492 1,832 1,932!
PULSES! 1,550 1,600 1,600
SOYABEANS 322 361 361!
GROUNDNUTS (in shell) 2,278 2,531 2,531!
SESAME SEED! 65 60 60
COTTON SEED! 225 230 115
COTTON (LINT) 116 90* 55*
COCONUTS! 150 150 150
PALM KERNELS 548 548! 548!
TOMATOES 569 570! 570
GREEN PEPPERS! 970 970 970
CARROTS 175 175 175
SUGAR CANE 615 620! 620!
CITRUS FRUITS! 2,200 2,200 2,200
MANGOES! 500 500 500
PINEAPPLES 800 800! 800!
PLANTAINS! 1,685 1,675 1,675
PAPAYAS! 500 500 500
OTHER FRUIT (excluding melons) 1,400 1,400! 1,400!
CASHEW NUTS! 25 25 25
COCOA BEANS* 165 145 145
TOBACCO (leaves)! 9 9 9
NATURAL RUBBER (dry weight) 116 90* 55*
       
Unofficial figures
FAO estimate(s)      
Source: FAO, Production Yearbook      
       

Estimated Area Planted with Crops in Nigeria (000 Hectares)

CROPS

 1992/93

 1993/94  1994/95  1995/96  1996/97
MILLET 5,113 5,138 4,268 4,409 4,500
GUINEA CORN 6,236 6,392 5,895 5,896 5,703
GROUNDNUT 1,949 1,979 2,539 2,611 2,486
BEANS 3,501 3,589 4,814 4883 5,583
YAM 1,269 1,339 1,638 1,650 1,606
COTTON 485 521 224 228 200
MAIZE 3,380 3,466 4,627 4,493 5,865
CASSAVA 1,029 1,107 2,087 2,117 2,269
RICE 963 1,017 1,219 2,166 1,250
MELON 519 533 408 430 387
COWPEA 4,294.95 6,086.20 4,423.98 4,193.66 4,333.42
COCO YAM 252 266 538 546 547
Sources: Public Ledger & Financial Times
 

Planting & Harvesting Periods for Major Exportable Agricultural Commodities

CROPS Planting Periods Harvesting Periods  
COCOA APRIL – JUNE OCT – MAR.
OIL PALM MAR. – AUG FEB – SEPT.  
RUBBER MAY – JUNE MAR – JULY
CASHEW MAY – JULY MAR – APRIL  
SOYA BEAN MAY – AUG SEPT – OCT.
GINGER MAY – JUNE DEC – JAN.  
COTTON JULY – AUG OCT, DEC – JAN
GUM ARABIC MAY – AUG Throughout the year
COFFEE MAY – JULY Throughout the year
PINEAPPLE MAY – JUNE DEC – FEB.  
BENISEED MAY – JUNE NOV – DEC
SHEANUT MAY – JUNE JULY – AUG.  
GROUNDNUT
Early season MAY – APR. JUNE – JULY  
Late season JULY – AUG OCT – NOV.
CHILLIES APR – MAY OCT – DEC.  
Sources: Public Ledger & Financial Times    

INDICES OF AVERAGE WORLD PRICES OF NIGERIA’S MAJOR AGRICULTURAL EXPORT COMMODITIES (1985 = 100)

   

Naira Based

   
Commodities 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Cocoa 5,235.60 5,354.40 6,092.80 4,594.50 3,323.80
Coffee 7,723.40 9,993.40 8,453.80 7,312.60 5,194.70
Copra 11,527.60 10,162.40 10,056.50 12,631.50 7,379.20
Cotton 12,487.20 12,189.10 10,388.70 9,274.10 8,825.40
Groundnut - - - - -
Groundnut oil 9,228.00 8,728.00 8,842.50 - -
Palm oil 9,550.10 9,857.10 12,070.20 9,182.00 5,950.50
Palm kernel - - - - -
Soya Bean 13,579.10 13,706.60 11,260.50 10,323.80 9,484.40
Ginger 5,510.30 6,191.20 6,358.20 - -
Rubber - - - - -
All Commodities 5,933.70 6,083.60 6,940.60 5,277.10 3,747.70
Sources: Public Ledger and Financial Times, London    
 

                                ('000 Head, Year Ending, September)

LIVESTOCK 1996 1997 1998  
HORSES* 204 204 204  
ASSESS* 1,000 1,000 1,000
CATTLE 18,680 19,610 19,610*  
CAMELS* 18 18 18
PIGS* 7,400 7,600 7,600  
SHEEP* 14,000 14,000 14,000
GOATS* 24,500 24,500 24,500  
Poultry (million)*: 125 in 1996; 126 in 1997; 126 in 1998.
* FAO estimate(s)
Source: FAO, Production Yearbook  

LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS (‘000 metric tons)

PRODUCTS 1996 1997 1998*
Beef and veal 280 294 297
Mutton and lamb* 62 74 82
Goat meat* 156 166 180
Pig meat* 278 287 315
Poultry meat* 170 171 172
Other meat* 100 100 100
Edible offals* 87 88 n.a
Cows’ milk* 380 380 380
Butter and ghee* 9 9 9
Cheese* 7 7 7
Poultry eggs* 325 350 350
Cattle hides* 35 36 36
Sheepskins* 11 14 15
Goatskins* 24 26 28
       
*FAO estimates
Source: FAO, Mainly Production Yearbook
 

Nigeria's Fish Production By Sectors (Metric Tonnes)

SECTOR  1993 1994 1995 1996 1997
ARTISINAL
Coastal & brackish 10,276 124,117 142,279 138,274 152,213
Inland river& lakes 94,876 110,476 26,642 170,926 185,327
Aqua culture 18,703 18,104 20,753 19,490 18,537
INDUSTRIAL COMMERCIAL TRAWLERS
Fish 22,464 21,707 1,473 15,425 14,742
Shrimps 8,956 7,872 9,024 9,551 10,664
Eel 4,224 718 9,024 9,551 10,664
           
DISTANT (IMPORTS) 363,688 241,133 265,882 403,273 449,410
TOTAL 619,187 515,127 466,876 759,207 832,463
Source: Federal Ministry of Agriculture
 

ESTIMATED NUMBER OF FISHING CRAFTS AND FISHERMEN IN NIGERIA

 

Onshore Trawlers

Artisanal Canoes

Fishermen

Year Fishing Shrimping Powered Non-powered     Full-time Part-time
             
1997 40 266 16,045 60,991 264,506 193,134
1996 57 196 16,039 61,028 264,446 193,107
1995 69 235 16,039 61,028 264,723 185,278
1994 74 230 16,037 61,036 264,577 193,198
1993 77 156 - - - -
             
Source: Federal Ministry of Agriculture

FISHING CATCH ('000 Metric Tonnes, Live Weight)

1995 1996 1997
Inland waters 117.9 89.5 110.5
Tilapias 9.1 10.1 8.4
  Upside-down catfishes 9.7 4.5 5.1
Characins 8.8 7.1 7.6
  Bagrid catfish 4 8.5 5
North African catfishes - 2.7 8.6
  Other torpedo-shaped catfishes 20.7 8.5 10.2
Other freshwater fishes
  (incl. Unspecified) 60.6 44.5 60.6
Nile perch 5 3.7 4.2
Atlantic ocean 231.6 248.5 255.2
Sea catfishes 12.6 12.7 9.9
  West African croakers 9.3 14.5 8.5
Sardinellas 76.6 104.5 99.9
  Bonga shad 15.1 4.6 28
Sharks, rays, skates, etc. 6.5 8.4 6.6
  Other marine fishes      
(Incl. Unspecified) 90.8 87.1 77.5
  Palinurid spiny lobsters 1.5 1.1 8.3
Southern pink shrimp 14.7 12.1 13
  Other marine crustaceans 4.5 3.5 3.5
Total catch 349.5 338 365.7
Source:FAO Yearbook of Fishery Statistics
 

INDEX OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION BY TYPE OF ACTIVITY

(1984 = 100)
             
SUB-SECTOR 1996 1997 1998 1999 1/ 2000 2/
             
CROPS 269.6 278.7 288 298.2 308
   Staples 298.1 307.3 316.1 327.5 337.3  
   Other crops 162.2 171.3 182.4 188 194.2
LIVESTOCK 176 180.4 181.3 185.6 190.7  
FISHERY 89.4 99.5 105.7 108.8 112.9
FORESTRY 131.5 132.7 133.6 136.3 138.4  
AGGREGATE 227.3 235.2 242.4 250.4 258.2  
1/ Revised            
2/ provisional
Source: Derived from data compiled by the Federal Office of Statistics (FOS)

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